Skip to main content

Google Sheets

This connector captures data from a Google Sheets spreadsheet.

It is available for use in the Flow web application. For local development or open-source workflows, provides the latest version of the connector as a Docker image. You can also follow the link in your browser to see past image versions.

This connector is based on an open-source connector from a third party, with modifications for performance in the Flow system. You can find their documentation here, but keep in mind that the two versions may be significantly different.


There are two ways to authenticate with Google when capturing data from a Sheet: using OAuth2, and manually,by generating a service account key. Their prerequisites differ.

OAuth is recommended for simplicity in the Flow web app; the service account key method is the only supported method using the command line.

Using OAuth2 to authenticate with Google in the Flow web app

  • A link to a Google spreadsheet. Simply copy the link from your browser.

  • Your Google account username and password.

Spreadsheet Formatting

For a more efficient usage, the connector expects a few basic formatting rules inside each spreadsheet:

  1. The first row must be frozen and contain header names for each column.
    1. If the first row is not frozen or does not contain header names, header names will be set using high-case alphabet letters (A,B,C,D...Z).
  2. Sheet is not a image sheet or contains images.
  3. Sheet is not empty.
    1. If a Sheet is empty, the connector will not break and wait for changes inside the Sheet. When new data arrives, you will be prompted by flow to allow for schema changes.
  4. Sheet does not contain formulaValue inside any cell.

Configuring the connector specification manually

  • A link to a Google spreadsheet. Simply copy the link from your browser.

  • Google Sheets and Google Drive APIs enabled on your Google account.

  • A Google service account with:

    • A JSON key generated.
    • Access to the source spreadsheet.

Follow the steps below to meet these prerequisites:

  1. Enable the Google Sheets and Google Drive APIs for the Google project with which your spreadsheet is associated. (Unless you actively develop with Google Cloud, you'll likely just have one option).

  2. Create a service account and generate a JSON key. During setup, grant the account the Viewer role on your project. You'll copy the contents of the downloaded key file into the Service Account Credentials parameter when you configure the connector.

  3. Share your Google spreadsheet with the service account. You may either share the sheet so that anyone with the link can view it, or share explicitly with the service account's email address.


You configure connectors either in the Flow web app, or by directly editing the catalog specification file. See connectors to learn more about using connectors. The values and specification sample below provide configuration details specific to the Google Sheets source connector.



The following properties reflect the Service Account Key authentication method.

/credentialsCredentialsGoogle API Credentials for connecting to Google Sheets and Google Drive APIsobjectRequired
/credentials/auth_typeAuthentication TypeAuthentication method. Set to Service.stringRequired
credentials/service_account_infoService Account CredentialsContents of the JSON key file generated during setup.stringRequired
/spreadsheet_idSpreadsheet LinkThe link to your spreadsheet.stringRequired


/streamSheetEach sheet in your Google Sheets document.stringRequired
/syncModeSync modeConnection method. Always set to full_refresh.stringRequired


auth_type: Service
service_account_info: <secret>
- resource:
stream: Sheet1
syncMode: full_refresh

Learn more about capture definitions.